Document Detail

Tension Viscerothorax after Blunt Abdominal Trauma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22244294     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Tension viscerothorax is herniation of abdominal viscera into the thorax. Tension viscerothorax can simulate tension pneumothorax. Immediate decompression with a nasogastric tube is required for hemodynamic stabilization. OBJECTIVE: A case of tension viscerothorax is reported along with a review of the literature to highlight this rare complication of blunt abdominal trauma, and to emphasize the importance of nasogastric tube decompression in tension viscerothorax. CASE REPORT: A 10-year-old boy with a remote history of trauma related to a motor vehicle crash was brought into the Emergency Department with a 3-day history of vomiting, epigastric pain, and dyspnea. By physical examination and chest X-ray study, tension gastrothorax was diagnosed. Nasogastric tube placement was difficult and delayed, and the patient deteriorated into cardiac arrest, but after successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation and nasogastric tube insertion, the patient was stabilized. Laparotomy was performed and primary repair of a ruptured diaphragm was done. The patient made an uneventful recovery. CONCLUSION: Acute tension viscerothorax should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tension pneumothorax, and its initial resuscitation should include nasogastric tube insertion for immediate decompression.
Shin Ahn; Won Kim; Chang Hwan Sohn; Dong Woo Seo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-1-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of emergency medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  0736-4679     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-1-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8412174     Medline TA:  J Emerg Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.
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