Document Detail

Ten-year trends of dietary intake in a middle-aged French population: relationship with educational level.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12001009     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To compare dietary intakes at a 10 y interval of a population aged 35-64 living in France. Trends in nutrient intake and food consumption were examined with a special emphasis on the relationships between educational level and dietary behaviour. DESIGN: Two independent surveys conducted in 1985-1987 (S1) and 1995-1997 (S2) in the framework of the WHO MONICA project. Dietary intake was assessed with a 3-day record method and a food frequency questionnaire. The samples analysed included 416 men and 446 women for S1, 393 men and 409 women for S2. RESULTS: A significant improvement of the quality of fat intake was observed between S1 and S2, independently of educational level, with an increase of the age adjusted P/S ratio from 0.42 to 0.50 in men (P=10(-4)) and from 0.41 to 0.50 in women (P=10(-4)), whereas the daily cholesterol intake dropped from 552.0 to 466.9 mg and from 447.2 to 384.6 mg in men and women, respectively (P=10(-4)). These variations were associated with a decrease in the consumption of high-fat foods and an increase in that of low-fat products (poultry, low-fat dairy foods, fish) in all educational classes. By contrast, the consumption of fruit and vegetables, which was highly associated with educational level, varied little over time. CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicate slight improvement in fat quality, independently of educational level, while fruit and vegetable intake, which appeared more dependent on educational level, was only poorly modified over the 10 y interval.
A E Perrin; C Simon; G Hedelin; D Arveiler; P Schaffer; J L Schlienger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  56     ISSN:  0954-3007     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2002 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-05-09     Completed Date:  2002-07-31     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8804070     Medline TA:  Eur J Clin Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  393-401     Citation Subset:  IM    
Groupe d'Etudes sur la Nutrition, Hôpitaux Universitaires de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France.
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MeSH Terms
Diet / standards,  trends*
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage*,  standards
Educational Status*
Middle Aged
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Dietary Fats

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