Document Detail

Temporary banking of the nipple-areola complex in 97 skin-sparing mastectomies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21285758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Despite the improved appearance associated with skin-sparing mastectomy, removal of the nipple-areola complex has a negative impact on the patient. Still, nipple-areola complex-sparing mastectomy results in preservation of a substantial amount of mammary tissue at risk. This may be prevented by preservation of the nipple-areola complex as a graft that is temporarily banked (e.g., in the groin region).
METHODS: Ninety-seven nipple-areola complexes were banked as part of preventive (n = 62) or therapeutic (n = 35) skin-sparing mastectomies in 61 women with a median age of 41 years (range, 27 to 59 years) and a minimum follow-up of 2 years. The areola was harvested as a full-thickness skin graft with the nipple attached as a composite graft. In oncologic cases, the nipple-areola complexes were banked only after frozen section clearance.
RESULTS: Seventy-five nipple-areola complexes were replanted onto the reconstructed mammary mound after 10 months (range, 3 to 26 months). Repeated graft take was moderate to good in 73 of these 75 nipple-areola complexes. The projection of the nipple and pigmentation of the areola were moderate to good in 45 and 74 of the 75 repeatedly transplanted grafts, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: In skin-sparing mastectomy, maximum oncologically safe conservation of autologous mammary structures can be realized by means of temporary banking of the nipple-areola complex. Even though such banking may not be successful in all women, it proved to be satisfactory in most.
A Kalam J Ahmed; Daniëla E E Hahn; J Joris Hage; Eveline M A Bleiker; Leonie A E Woerdeman
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Plastic and reconstructive surgery     Volume:  127     ISSN:  1529-4242     ISO Abbreviation:  Plast. Reconstr. Surg.     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-02-02     Completed Date:  2011-04-14     Revised Date:  2014-10-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1306050     Medline TA:  Plast Reconstr Surg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  531-9     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Breast Neoplasms / surgery
Mammaplasty / methods*
Mastectomy / methods*
Middle Aged
Nipples / surgery
Skin Transplantation / methods
Tissue and Organ Harvesting*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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