Document Detail


Temporal trends of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the U.K. atmosphere: 1991-2005.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18522096     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Internationally there are few long-term air monitoring programs, which are necessary to assess the effectiveness of source abatement measures as required underthe UNECE POPs protocol. In the United Kingdom, the Toxic Organic Micropollutants (TOMPS) program, funded by the Department for Environment, Food, and Rural Affairs (Defra), was started in 1991 and includes regular monitoring of a range of compounds including polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the time series (1991-2005) of atmospheric concentrations of 15 PAHs at six U.K. monitoring sites were investigated. Most show a statistically significant decrease in PAH levels over time, broadly consistent with the reported decline in emissions. Higher levels of heavier PAHs were noted in winter than in summer at most sites. At one coastal site, higher levels of lighter PAHs were noted in summer, possibly due to temperature-driven outgassing of these compounds from seawater. Current annual averages of benzo[a]pyrene are below the recently introduced annual air quality standard of 0.25 ng m(-3) at all sites, although quarterly averages have exceeded 0.25 ng m(-3) in recent years but only at the urban sites in winter. The atmospheric signature of total PAHs closely mirrors the emission signature, which lends strength to the idea that levels of PAHs in air are still mostly influenced by direct/local sources.
Authors:
Sandra N Meijer; Andrew J Sweetman; Crispin J Halsall; Kevin C Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  42     ISSN:  0013-936X     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2008 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-06-04     Completed Date:  2008-09-22     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3213-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Centre for Chemicals Management and Environmental Science Department, Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster LA1 4YQ, UK. s.meijer@lancaster.ac.uk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Air Pollutants / analysis*
Air Pollution
Atmosphere
Benzo(a)pyrene / chemistry
Chemistry, Organic / methods
Cities
Environmental Monitoring / methods*
Great Britain
Organic Chemicals / analysis
Particulate Matter
Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic / analysis*,  chemistry
Seasons
Temperature
Time Factors
Urban Population
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Air Pollutants; 0/Organic Chemicals; 0/Particulate Matter; 0/Polycyclic Hydrocarbons, Aromatic; 50-32-8/Benzo(a)pyrene

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