Document Detail


Temporal trends in the epidemiology of severe postoperative sepsis after elective surgery: a large, nationwide sample.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20357565     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: Multiple studies have used administrative datasets to examine the epidemiology of sepsis in general, but the entity of postoperative sepsis has been studied less intensively. Therefore, we undertook an analysis of the epidemiology of postoperative sepsis using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample, the largest in-patient dataset available in the United States. METHODS: Elective admissions of patients aged 18 yr or older with a length of stay more than 3 days for any 1 of the 20 most common elective operative procedures were extracted from the dataset for the years 1997-2006. Postoperative sepsis was defined using the appropriate International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes; severe sepsis was defined as sepsis along with organ dysfunction. Logistic regression was used to assess the significance of temporal trends after adjusting for relevant demographic characteristics, operative procedure, and comorbid conditions. RESULTS: We identified 2,039,776 admissions for analysis. The rate of severe sepsis increased from 0.3% in 1997 to 0.9% in 2006. This trend persisted after adjusting for relevant covariables-the adjusted odds ratio of severe sepsis per year increase in the study period was 1.12 (95% CI, 1.11-1.13; P < 0.001). The in-hospital mortality rate for patients with severe postoperative sepsis declined from 44.4% in 1997 to 34.0% in 2006; this trend also persisted after adjustment for relevant covariables-the adjusted odds ratio per year was 0.94 (95% CI, 0.93-0.95; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: During the 10-yr period that we studied, there was a marked increase in the rate of severe postoperative sepsis but a concomitant decrease in the in-hospital mortality rate in severe sepsis.
Authors:
Brian T Bateman; Ulrich Schmidt; Mitchell F Berman; Edward A Bittner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Anesthesiology     Volume:  112     ISSN:  1528-1175     ISO Abbreviation:  Anesthesiology     Publication Date:  2010 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-04-01     Completed Date:  2010-05-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  1300217     Medline TA:  Anesthesiology     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  917-25     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care, and Pain Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts 02114, USA
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Age Factors
Aged
Chronic Disease
Databases, Factual
Ethnic Groups
Female
Health Facility Size
Humans
Logistic Models
Male
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Odds Ratio
Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
Sepsis / epidemiology*
Sex Factors
Surgical Procedures, Elective*
United States / epidemiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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