Document Detail


Temporal development of the infant gut microbiota in immunoglobulin E-sensitized and nonsensitized children determined by the GA-map infant array.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21653746     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
At birth, the human infant gut is sterile, but it becomes fully colonized within a few days. This initial colonization process has a major impact on immune development. Our knowledge about the correlations between aberrant colonization patterns and immunological diseases, however, is limited. The aim of the present work was to develop the GA-map (Genetic Analysis microbiota array platform) infant array and to use this array to compare the temporal development of the gut microbiota in IgE-sensitized and nonsensitized children during the first 2 years of life. The GA-map infant array is composed of highly specific 16S rRNA gene-targeted single nucleotide primer extension (SNuPE) probes, which were designed based on extensive infant 16S rRNA gene sequence libraries. For the clinical screening, we analyzed 216 fecal samples collected from a cohort of 47 infants (16 sensitized and 31 nonsensitized) from 1 day to 2 years of age. The results showed that at a high taxonomic level, Actinobacteria was significantly overrepresented at 4 months while Firmicutes was significantly overrepresented at 1 year for the sensitized children. At a lower taxonomic level, for the sensitized group, we found that Bifidobacterium longum was significantly overrepresented at the age of 1 year and Enterococcus at the age of 4 months. For most phyla, however, there were consistent differences in composition between age groups, irrespective of the sensitization state. The main age patterns were a rapid decrease in staphylococci from 10 days to 4 months and a peak of bifidobacteria and bacteroides at 4 months. In conclusion, our analyses showed consistent microbiota colonization and IgE sensitization patterns that can be important for understanding both normal and diseased immunological development in infants.
Authors:
Heidi C Vebø; Monika Sekelja; Ragnhild Nestestog; Ola Storrø; Roar Johnsen; Torbjørn Øien; Knut Rudi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-06-08
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1556-679X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Vaccine Immunol.     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-08-02     Completed Date:  2011-11-21     Revised Date:  2013-06-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101252125     Medline TA:  Clin Vaccine Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1326-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Genetic Analysis AS, Frederik A Dahlsvei 20, N-1432, Ås, Norway.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child, Preschool
Female
Gastrointestinal Tract / microbiology*
Human Development
Humans
Immune System / physiology*
Immunoglobulin E / immunology*
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Metagenome / genetics*
Microarray Analysis / methods*
Oligonucleotide Probes / genetics
Pregnancy
RNA, Bacterial / genetics
RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
Time Factors
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Oligonucleotide Probes; 0/RNA, Bacterial; 0/RNA, Ribosomal, 16S; 37341-29-0/Immunoglobulin E
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