Document Detail


Temporal context, preference, and resistance to change.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21909164     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
According to behavioral momentum theory, preference and relative resistance to change in concurrent-chains schedules are correlated and reflect the relative conditioned value of discriminative stimuli. In the present study, we explore the generality of this relation by manipulating the temporal context within a concurrent-chains procedure through changes in the duration of the initial links. Consistent with previous findings, preference for a richer terminal link was less extreme with longer initial links across three experiments with pigeons. In Experiment 1, relative resistance to change and preference were related inversely when responding was disrupted with response-independent food presentations during initial links, replicating a previous finding with rats. However, more food was presented with longer initial links, confounding the disrupter and initial-link duration. In Experiment 2, presession feeding was used instead and eliminated the negative relation between relative resistance to change and preference, but relative resistance to change was not sensitive to relative terminal-link reinforcement rates. In Experiment 3, with more extreme relative terminal-link reinforcement rates, increasing initial-link duration similarly decreased preference and relative resistance to change for the richer terminal link. Thus, when conditions of disruption are equal and assessed under the appropriate reinforcement conditions, changes in temporal context impact relative resistance to change and preference similarly.
Authors:
Christopher A Podlesnik; Corina Jimenez-Gomez; Eric A Thrailkill; Timothy A Shahan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the experimental analysis of behavior     Volume:  96     ISSN:  1938-3711     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Anal Behav     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-12     Completed Date:  2012-01-27     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0203727     Medline TA:  J Exp Anal Behav     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  191-213     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Utah State University, USA. c.podlesnik@auckland.ac.nz
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adaptation, Psychological
Animals
Association Learning*
Choice Behavior*
Columbidae
Conditioning, Operant*
Psychological Theory
Reinforcement (Psychology)*
Reinforcement Schedule*
Time Factors
Comments/Corrections

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