Document Detail


Temporal aspects of visual search studied by transcranial magnetic stimulation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9256377     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied over the parietal visual cortex of subjects while they were performing 'pop-out' or conjunction visual search tasks in arrays containing eight distractors. Magnetic stimulation had no detrimental effect on the performance of pop-out search, but did significantly increase reaction times on conjunction search when stimulation was applied over the right parietal cortex 100 msec after the onset of the visual display for trials when the target was present. Target absent reaction times were elevated when stimulation was applied 160 msec after array onset. Stimulation had no effect on the number of errors made. The results suggest that a sub-region of the right parietal lobe is important for conjunction search but not for pre-attentive pop-out. The result from target present trials is consistent with timing data from studies of single cells in monkeys and the hypothesis that parietal areas generate a signal that projects back to extrastriate visual areas to enhance the processing of features in a restricted part of the visual field. The timing of the effect indicates that transcranial stimulation disrupts the mechanisms underlying the focal attention necessary for feature binding in conjunction search. The effects of TMS on target absent trials are interpreted in terms of fronto-parietal connections and the role of frontal cortex in decision-making. The results also highlight the efficacy of transcranial magnetic stimulation as a complement to other spatial and temporal imaging techniques.
Authors:
E Ashbridge; V Walsh; A Cowey
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Neuropsychologia     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0028-3932     ISO Abbreviation:  Neuropsychologia     Publication Date:  1997 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-03     Completed Date:  1997-10-03     Revised Date:  2009-11-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0020713     Medline TA:  Neuropsychologia     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1121-31     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Experimental Psychology, Oxford University, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Humans
Parietal Lobe / physiology
Reaction Time
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation*
Visual Cortex / physiology*
Visual Perception / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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