Document Detail


Temporal Trends in Motor Vehicle and Secondary Organic Tracers Using in Situ Methylation Thermal Desorption GCMS.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21105701     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Organic aerosol measurements with high temporal resolution can differentiate primary organic carbon (POC) from secondary organic carbon (SOC) and can be used to distinguish morning rush hour traffic emissions and subsequent photo-oxidation. In the current study, five hour filter samples were collected during the Summer Study for Organic Aerosols at Riverside (SOAR-1 in CA, USA) for analysis of organic molecular markers. To achieve the low detection limits required for the high temporal resolution data, a laboratory-based in situ methylation thermal desorption gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method was developed. This enabled the measurement of potential markers of SOC, including phthalic acid, along with markers for traffic emissions, including norhopane. The aromatic acids correlated well with unapportioned OC from a molecular marker chemical mass balance model (SOC-cmb; r(2) = 0.46-0.70) and SOC from the elemental carbon tracer method (SOC-ec; r(2) = 0.40-0.56). The aromatic acid/norhopane ratio increased substantially over the course of each day. The average mid-day phthalic acid ratio compared to previously published roadway emissions was a factor of 4 times higher, while the average 1,2,3-benzenetricarboxylic acid ratio was a factor of 40 times higher than roadway emissions. Using correlation plots of SOC-cmb and phthalic acid, it was estimated that 2.9 ± 0.6 μg m(-3) SOC was associated with mid-day aromatic acid production in Riverside.
Authors:
Rebecca J Sheesley; Jeffrey T Deminter; Mark Meiritz; David C Snyder; James J Schauer
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2010-11-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Environmental science & technology     Volume:  44     ISSN:  1520-5851     ISO Abbreviation:  Environ. Sci. Technol.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0213155     Medline TA:  Environ Sci Technol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  9398-404     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Environmental Chemistry and Technology Program, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, Environmental Science Department, Baylor University, Waco, Texas, and Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin.
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