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Temporal Effect of Afro-Caribbean Race on Serum Pregnancy-Associated Plasma Protein-A at 9-13 Weeks' Gestation in Screening for Aneuploidies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22377654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Objective: It was the aim of this study to investigate the pregnancy characteristics that influence the measured concentrations of maternal serum-free β-human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A) at 9(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation. Methods: In singleton pregnancies attending for routine care, serum-free β-hCG and PAPP-A were measured at 9(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation and fetal nuchal translucency was measured at 11(+0)-13(+6) weeks. The population included 27,908 chromosomally normal and 104 trisomy 21 pregnancies. Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the pregnancy characteristics that have a significant effect on the measured concentrations of free β-hCG and PAPP-A. We also examined the impact of incorporating temporal effects on performance of screening for trisomy 21. Results: Serum-free β-hCG and PAPP-A concentrations were significantly affected by gestational age, maternal weight, racial origin, parity, preexisting diabetes mellitus type 2, smoking and conception by in vitro fertilization. There was a significant gestational age-dependent effect of Afro-Caribbean race on PAPP-A levels (p = 0.0005), with a weekly increase of 4.9% (95% CI 2.1-7.8). Conclusions: Serum-free β-hCG and PAPP-A concentrations at 9(+0)-13(+6) weeks' gestation are affected by several pregnancy characteristics and the effect of Afro-Caribbean race on PAPP-A increases with gestational age.
Authors:
Susan Ball; David Wright; Danielle Sodre; Robert Lachmann; Kypros H Nicolaides
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-2-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fetal diagnosis and therapy     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1421-9964     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-3-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107463     Medline TA:  Fetal Diagn Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
School of Computing and Mathematics, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK.
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