Document Detail


Temperature responses of growth, photosynthesis, fatty acid and nitrate reductase in Antarctic and temperate Stichococcus.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22083129     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Stichococcus, a genus of green algae, distributes in ice-free areas throughout Antarctica. To understand adaptive strategies of Stichococcus to permanently cold environments, the physiological responses to temperature of two psychrotolerants, S. bacillaris NJ-10 and S. minutus NJ-17, isolated from rock surfaces in Antarctica were compared with that of one temperate S. bacillaris FACHB753. Two Antarctic Stichococcus strains grew at temperature from 4 to 25°C, while the temperate strain could grow above 30°C but could not survive at 4°C. The photosynthetic activity of FACHB753 at lower than 10°C was less than that of Antarctic algae. Nitrate reductase in NJ-10 and NJ-17 had its optimal temperature at 20°C, in comparison, the maximal activity of nitrate reductase in FACHB753 was found at 25°C. When cultured at 4-15°C a large portion of unsaturated fatty acids in the two Antarctic species was detected and the regulation of the degree of unsaturation of fatty acids by temperature was observed only above 15°C, though the content of the major unsaturated fatty acid αC18:3 in FACHB753 decreased with the temperatures elevated from 10 to 25°C. Elevated nitrate reductase activity and photosynthetic rates at low temperatures together with the high proportion of unsaturated fatty acids contribute to the ability of the Antarctic Stichococcus to thrive.
Authors:
Zhuo Chen; Chenliu He; Hanhua Hu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-11-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Extremophiles : life under extreme conditions     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-4909     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9706854     Medline TA:  Extremophiles     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, 430072, People's Republic of China.
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