Document Detail


Temperamental exuberance and executive function predict propensity for risk taking in childhood.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22781858     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The present study utilized a multilevel approach to examine developmental trajectories in risk-taking propensity. We examined the moderating role of specific executive function components, attention shifting and inhibitory control, on the link between exuberant temperament in infancy and propensity for risk taking in childhood. Risk taking was assessed using a task previously associated with sensation seeking and antisocial behaviors. Two hundred ninety-one infants were brought into the lab and behaviors reflecting exuberance were observed at 4, 9, 24, and 36 months of age. Executive function was assessed at 48 months of age. Risk-taking propensity was measured when children were 60 months of age. The results indicated that exuberance and attention shifting, but not inhibitory control, significantly interacted to predict propensity for risk taking. Exuberance was positively associated with risk-taking propensity among children who were relatively low in attention shifting but unrelated for children high in attention shifting. These findings illustrated the multifinality of developmental outcomes for temperamentally exuberant young children and pointed to the distinct regulatory influences of different executive functions for children of differing temperaments. Attention shifting likely affords a child the ability to consider both positive and negative consequences and moderates the relation between early exuberance and risk-taking propensity.
Authors:
Ayelet Lahat; Kathryn A Degnan; Lauren K White; Jennifer Martin McDermott; Heather A Henderson; C W Lejuez; Nathan A Fox
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Development and psychopathology     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1469-2198     ISO Abbreviation:  Dev. Psychopathol.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-11     Completed Date:  2012-12-04     Revised Date:  2013-03-25    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8910645     Medline TA:  Dev Psychopathol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  847-56     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Human Development, 3304 Benjamin Building, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA. alahat@umd.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention
Child Development*
Child, Preschool
Executive Function*
Female
Humans
Infant
Longitudinal Studies
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Personality Tests
Predictive Value of Tests
Risk-Taking*
Temperament*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R37HD17899/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Comments/Corrections
Erratum In:
Dev Psychopathol. 2013 Feb;25(1):275

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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