Document Detail

Temperament in very low birth weight infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3635047     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This project compared the temperament of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants to that of full-term infants at 6 and 12 months of age, assessed patterns of change in temperament from 6 to 12 months, and investigated effects of the neonatal experience on manifestations of temperament in VLBW babies. The subjects were 41 VLBW infants who were free of congenital anomalies and appropriate for gestational age. Instruments included the Infant Temperament Questionnaire (ITQ), Toddler Temperament Questionnaire (TTQ), and the Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment (HOME) Inventory. At 6 months, the VLBW infants were significantly less adaptable and more intense than full-term infants. There were significantly more "difficult" and fewer "easy" infants in the study group. At 12 months, the infants were less persistent than a full-term toddler. Behavioral style clusters of the toddlers did not differ significantly from published data. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the social environment of the VLBW infant plays an important role in the manifestation of childhood temperament as early as 6 months of age. Results suggest that VLBW infants do manifest behavioral styles that are different from full-term infants but are modified during the first year of life. In addition, the nine temperament dimensions were differentially affected by adverse perinatal events and environmental factors.
B Medoff-Cooper
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nursing research     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0029-6562     ISO Abbreviation:  Nurs Res     Publication Date:    1986 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-06-17     Completed Date:  1986-06-17     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376404     Medline TA:  Nurs Res     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  139-43     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM; N    
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MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Child Behavior
Infant, Low Birth Weight / psychology*
Infant, Newborn
Parent-Child Relations
Personality Development
Social Environment

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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