Document Detail

Temper outbursts in Prader-Willi syndrome: causes, behavioural and emotional sequence and responses by carers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23374136     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Temper outbursts are common in Prader-Willi syndrome but rarely described in detail. This study investigated the phenomenology of temper outbursts in terms of antecedents, sequence of behaviours and emotions and intervention strategies used. METHOD: A semi-structured interview about temper outbursts was conducted with the main carers of seven children (9.5 to 16.7 years) and seven adults (24.7 to 47.10 years) with Prader-Willi syndrome (10 male, 4 female). Reliability and validity of the interview results was established. RESULTS: Various setting events increased and reduced the likelihood of temper outbursts. The most common antecedent was a change to routine or expectation. There were marked similarities in the sequence of behaviours and emotions during temper outbursts, with anger rising quickly followed by expressions of remorse and distress at the end of an outburst. DISCUSSION: The sequence of behaviours and emotions within outbursts was similar to that described in temper tantrums in typical development. Cognitive and emotional processes are likely to be important in the understanding of temper outbursts with implications for early intervention.
P Tunnicliffe; K Woodcock; L Bull; C Oliver; J Penhallow
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1365-2788     ISO Abbreviation:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-2-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9206090     Medline TA:  J Intellect Disabil Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 The Authors. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research © 2013 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
School of Psychology, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.
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