Document Detail

Telomere-Nuclear Envelope Dissociation Promoted by Rap1 Phosphorylation Ensures Faithful Chromosome Segregation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22959349     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Efficient chromosomal movements are important for the fidelity of chromosome segregation during mitosis; however, movements are constrained during interphase by tethering of multiple domains to the nuclear envelope (NE) [1]. Higher eukaryotes undergo open mitosis accompanied by NE breakdown, enabling chromosomes to be released from the NE, whereas lower eukaryotes undergo closed mitosis, in which NE breakdown does not occur [2]. Although the chromosomal movements in closed mitosis are thought to be restricted compared to open mitosis, the cells overcome this problem by an unknown mechanism that enables accurate chromosome segregation. Here, we report the spatiotemporal regulation of telomeres in Schizosaccharomyces pombe closed mitosis. We found that the telomeres, tethered to the NE during interphase [3], are transiently dissociated from the NE during mitosis. This dissociation from the NE is essential for accurate chromosome segregation because forced telomere tethering to the NE causes frequent chromosome loss. The phosphorylation of the telomere protein Rap1 during mitosis, primarily by Cdc2, impedes the interaction between Rap1 and Bqt4, a nuclear membrane protein, thereby inducing telomere dissociation from the NE. We propose that the telomere dissociation from the NE promoted by Rap1 phosphorylation is critical for the fidelity of chromosome segregation in closed mitosis.
Ikumi Fujita; Yuki Nishihara; Makiko Tanaka; Hisayo Tsujii; Yuji Chikashige; Yuzo Watanabe; Motoki Saito; Fuyuki Ishikawa; Yasushi Hiraoka; Junko Kanoh
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current biology : CB     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1879-0445     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr. Biol.     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9107782     Medline TA:  Curr Biol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Institute for Protein Research, Osaka University, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan.
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