Document Detail

Television watching increases motivated responding for food and energy intake in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17284729     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Sedentary activities, such as watching television, may disrupt habituation to food cues, thereby increasing motivation to eat and energy intake. OBJECTIVE: These experiments were designed to examine the effect of television watching on habituation of ingestive behavior in children. DESIGN: In experiment 1, all children worked for access to cheeseburgers in trials 1-7 (habituating stimulus). In trials 8-10, children in the control group continued to work for cheeseburgers without any dishabituating stimuli, whereas children in the other groups received either a novel food (French fries) or television as dishabituating stimuli. Responding for food and amount of food eaten were measured. In experiment 2, all children had access to 1000 kcal of a preferred snack food. One group watched a continuous television show, and the control groups either watched no television or watched a repeated segment of a television show, which controls for the television stimulus but requires reduced allocation of attention. RESULTS: In experiment 1, both the novel food and the television watching groups reinstated responding for food (P = 0.009) and increased the amount of energy earned (P = 0.018) above the level of the control subjects. In experiment 2, the continuous television group spent more time eating (P < 0.0001) and consumed more energy than the no television and the repeated segment groups (P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: These experiments show that television watching can dishabituate eating or disrupt the development of habituation, which may provide a mechanism for increased energy intake associated with watching television.
Jennifer L Temple; April M Giacomelli; Kristine M Kent; James N Roemmich; Leonard H Epstein
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  85     ISSN:  0002-9165     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2007 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-02-07     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  2007-12-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  355-61     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University at Buffalo, Buffalo, NY 14214, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Intake / physiology*
Time Factors
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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