Document Detail

Technology and application of ultraminiature catheter pressure transducers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9852939     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
After a brief historical account of the methods for pressure measurements in the cardiovascular system, the basic structural elements of a new generation of miniaturized catheter pressure transducers are described. These catheters have an outside diameter at the tip of 0.9 mm (3 French) and have been routinely applied in left and right heart catheterization in intact, anesthetized rats. Together with cardiac output measured by the thermodilution technique, a complete set of basal functional parameters can be obtained in vivo. The method of cardiac catheterization in rats is accurate, reliable and easy to perform. As to left heart function, changes occurring in several models of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure have been recorded and correlated with morphological and metabolic alterations. In addition, the functional effects of catecholamines and thyroid hormones have been evaluated. In addition to the routine catheterization procedure, a double catheter method has been introduced recently, which allows measurement of left ventricular isovolumetric pressure in intact rats. Catheterization of the right ventricle requires a more refined catheter with a characteristic bend at the tip so that it can be comfortably slid from the right atrium into the right ventricle. With this method it was found that right ventricular systolic pressure was elevated markedly in rats with chronic myocardial infarction induced by ligation of the left anterior descending coronary artery, by pulmonary artery banding, by intermittent chronic hypoxia and by noradrenaline administration. The ultraminiature catheter pressure transducer has also been successfully applied in an isolated working rat heart preparation. Recent modifications of this kind of catheters also enabled the catheterization of the left ventricle in mice. Future applications of ultraminiature catheter pressure transducers may be directed to catheterization of the pulmonary artery in rats and to the in vivo and in vitro assessment of heart function of transgenic mice.
H G Zimmer; H D Millar
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Canadian journal of cardiology     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0828-282X     ISO Abbreviation:  Can J Cardiol     Publication Date:  1998 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1998-12-22     Completed Date:  1998-12-22     Revised Date:  2008-04-09    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8510280     Medline TA:  Can J Cardiol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1259-66     Citation Subset:  IM    
Carl-Ludwig-Institute of Physiology, University of Leipzig, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Blood Pressure Determination / instrumentation*
Equipment Design
Heart Catheterization / instrumentation*
Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular / physiopathology
Myocardial Reperfusion
Transducers, Pressure*
Ventricular Function, Right / physiology

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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