Document Detail

Technical report: Reduction of the influenza burden in children.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12456947     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Epidemiologic studies have shown that children of all ages with certain chronic conditions, such as asthma, and otherwise healthy children younger than 24 months (6 through 23 months) are hospitalized for influenza and its complications at high rates similar to those experienced by the elderly. Annual influenza immunization is already recommended for all children 6 months and older with high-risk conditions. By contrast, influenza immunization has not been recommended for healthy young children. To protect children against the complications of influenza, increased efforts are needed to identify and recall high-risk children. In addition, immunization of children between 6 through 23 months of age and their close contacts is now encouraged to the extent feasible. Children younger than 6 months may be protected by immunization of their household contacts and out-of-home caregivers. The ultimate goal is universal immunization of children 6 to 24 months of age. Issues that need to be addressed before institution of routine immunization of healthy young children include education of physicians and parents about the morbidity caused by influenza, adequate vaccine supply, and appropriate reimbursement of practitioners for influenza immunization. This report contains a summary of the influenza virus, protective immunity, disease burden in children, diagnosis, vaccines, and antiviral agents.
Margaret B Rennels; H Cody Meissner;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  110     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2002 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-11-28     Completed Date:  2002-12-11     Revised Date:  2005-11-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e80     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Cost of Illness*
Disease Outbreaks / prevention & control*
Immunization Schedule
Infection / epidemiology
Influenza Vaccines / administration & dosage*,  classification,  economics,  immunology
Influenza, Human / diagnosis,  epidemiology*,  immunology*
Otitis Media / epidemiology
United States / epidemiology
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Influenza Vaccines

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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