Document Detail


Technical note: effects of forage protein-binding polyphenols on chemistry of dairy excreta.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19307659     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Forage chemistry can affect intake, digestion, milk production, and manure excretion. Although information is available on the effects of forage protein-binding polyphenols on small ruminant production and manure excretion, little information is available for dairy cattle. The objective of this study was to compare fecal and urinary N excretion of diets formulated with alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) silage versus condensed tannin-containing birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus) or o-quinone-containing red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) silages. Significantly higher concentrations of N were excreted in urine by lactating Holstein dairy cows fed red clover and low-tannin birdsfoot trefoil (8.2 g/L) than by cows fed high-tannin birdsfoot trefoil or alfalfa (7.1 g/L). Fecal N concentrations were similar (33.6 g/kg) among all diets. Dairy cows fed red clover had lower rates of urinary N excretion (5.0 g/h) compared with other forages (6.6 g/h). Fecal N excretion rates were lowest for red clover (4.1 g/h), intermediate for alfalfa (5.8 g/h), and greatest for cows fed high- and low-tannin birdsfoot trefoil (6.4 g/h). The ratio of fecal N to urinary N was highest for high-tannin trefoil, lowest for alfalfa and red clover, and higher in excreta collected in morning than evening. Concentrations of neutral detergent fiber (NDF) in feces, of N in NDF (NDIN) and acid detergent fiber (ADIN), and relative amounts of NDIN and ADIN excreted in feces were significantly higher from cows fed high-tannin birdsfoot trefoil than the other silage types. Study results imply that collection of excreta for environmental studies needs to consider forage polyphenol and diurnal effects on chemistry of dairy excreta.
Authors:
J M Powell; G A Broderick; J H Grabber; U C Hymes-Fecht
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  92     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-24     Completed Date:  2009-04-24     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1765-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
USDA-Agricultural Research Service, US Dairy Forage Research Center, 1925 Linden Drive West, Madison, WI 53706, USA. mark.powell@ars.usda.gov
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animal Feed / analysis
Animals
Cattle / metabolism*
Dairying
Diet / veterinary*
Feces / chemistry*
Female
Flavonoids / metabolism*
Nitrogen / analysis
Phenols / metabolism*
Protein Binding
Random Allocation
Tannins / analysis,  metabolism
Urine / chemistry*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Flavonoids; 0/Phenols; 0/Tannins; 0/polyphenols; 7727-37-9/Nitrogen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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