Document Detail

Technical frontiers for the vascular surgeon: laser anastomotic welding and angioscopy-assisted intraluminal instrumentation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3560364     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Innovations in therapy for peripheral vascular disease include laser vessel welding and angioscopy-assisted intraluminal laser instrumentation. Vascular tissue fusion by laser occurs at energy levels lower than those required to coagulate or vaporize. CO2, argon, and Nd:YAG (1.06 micron) lasers have all been reported to fuse anastomoses in microvessels, but adequate welding of larger veins and arteries (3 to 8 mm in diameter) has only been accomplished with the argon laser. Laser welds heal comparably to sutured wounds but do not have the chronic foreign body reaction and disorientation of elastin and collagen associated with sutures. Preliminary evidence suggests that argon laser-welded anastomoses have less intimal hyperplasia than sutured anastomoses. Laser welding may also be a useful adjunct for sealing intimal flaps during endarterectomy. Additional work is needed to determine the mechanism, optimal parameters, and wavelengths required for vascular tissue fusion by laser. Direct application of laser light intraluminally has thus far been associated with a high incidence of vessel perforation. Angioscopy-assisted delivery of a metal hot-tip probe shows promise for angioplasty of occluded medium-sized arteries and for valvulotomy in in situ vein bypasses.
R A White
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of vascular surgery     Volume:  5     ISSN:  0741-5214     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Vasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  1987 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-05-18     Completed Date:  1987-05-18     Revised Date:  2012-10-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8407742     Medline TA:  J Vasc Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  673-80     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Blood Vessels / anatomy & histology
Endoscopy / methods*
Intraoperative Care / methods
Laser Therapy / instrumentation,  methods*
Vascular Surgical Procedures / instrumentation,  methods*
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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