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Technical Factors Affecting the Accuracy of Bedside IVC Filter Placement Using Intravascular Ultrasound.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22544870     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Purpose: To compare the accuracy of inferior vena cava (IVC) filter placement using a bedside technique guided by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) with a concurrent experience of filter deployment with fluoroscopic venogram imaging. Methods: From November 2006 to December 2009, 195 consecutive IVC filters were placed to prevent pulmonary embolism in 120 high-risk patients without lower limb deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and 75 patients with DVT and anticoagulation contraindications. Filter insertion techniques included bedside IVUS-guided (n = 97) and fluoroscopic-guided (n = 98) procedures. Before mid-2008, 2 bedside IVUS-guided protocols were used evolving from a single-puncture, pullback technique (n = 48), in which the measured distance from the venous access site to the IVC landing zone then allowed a calibrated reinsertion of a 7F delivery sheath and filter deployment. After mid-2008, a single puncture 8F sheath technique (n = 48) using IVUS to position the delivery sheath tip within the IVC landing zone without catheter or sheath measurement or reinsertion was used. Venous access was via the right femoral (84 IVUS and 56 fluoroscopy), left femoral (10 IVUS and 16 fluoroscopy), or right internal jugular vein (3 IVUS and 26 fluoroscopy). The 3 filter insertion techniques were compared for "optimal" IVC placement defined as the filter positioning between L1 and L4 vertebrae with tilt <15° based on postprocedure abdominal x-rays or venography. Results: Filter malposition occurred with 6% (6 of 97) bedside IVUS-guided procedures with no malpositions during fluoroscopic imaging. Malposition was lower with the evolved sheath (4%, 2 of 48) compared with the earlier pullback (8%, 4 of 48) insertion technique (P = .03). The incidence of the filter malposition during IVUS-guided deployment was highest using left femoral access (4 of 10) compared with right femoral (2 of 84) or internal jugular (0 of 3) vein access (P < .01). Filter tilt occurred more after IVUS-guided procedure (10 of 97) than fluoroscopic procedure (3 of 98; P = .05) and was most frequent for left femoral access (5 of 10 IVUS and 1 of 16 fluoroscopy; P < .01) and was not related to filter type (P = .13). Conclusion: Our current bedside IVUS-guided IVC filter technique using a single venous puncture and single sheath positioning has improved the placement accuracy. Left femoral venous access should be avoided to minimize the occurrence of filter malpositioning and tilt.
Kelley Hodgkiss-Harlow; Martin R Back; Robert Brumberg; Paul Armstrong; Murray Shames; Brad Johnson; Dennis F Bandyk
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Vascular and endovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1938-9116     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101136421     Medline TA:  Vasc Endovascular Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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