Document Detail


Team-based learning using an audience response system: an innovative method of teaching diagnosis to undergraduate dental students.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18923099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A team-based learning (TBL) approach was used to facilitate student learning and performance in a sophomore preclinical endodontic course. TBL is based upon the division of a class into small groups of students using a problem-based learning approach. The purpose of this project was to improve student ability to diagnose diseases utilizing TBL combined with an audience response system (ARS). Three measures were used to assess the outcomes: 1) pre- and posttest scores, 2) a diagnostic skills assessment during the final examination, and 3) an attitudinal survey completed by the students. At the beginning of the course, second-year students (n=64) were evaluated to determine entry-level knowledge. Six groups of ten to eleven students each were pretested, followed by a parallel posttest following the implementation of the TBL experience. Students' performance on the posttest (63.4 percent) showed improved results when compared to the pretest (36.9 percent). Students also exhibited improved diagnostic skills with the final examination. The results of the students' attitudinal survey indicated an 80 percent agreement that TBL enhanced their powers of critical analysis.
Authors:
Roberta Pileggi; Paula N O'Neill
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dental education     Volume:  72     ISSN:  0022-0337     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dent Educ     Publication Date:  2008 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-10-16     Completed Date:  2008-12-18     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8000150     Medline TA:  J Dent Educ     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1182-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Florida Health Science Center, College of Dentistry, Department of Endodontics, Room D10-37, P.O. Box 100436, Gainesville, FL 32610-0436, USA. rpileggi@dental.ufl.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Clinical Competence*
Diagnosis
Education, Dental / methods*
Endodontics / education*
Group Processes*
Humans
Peer Group
Problem-Based Learning
Program Evaluation
Teaching / methods*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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