Document Detail


Teaching empathy to undergraduate medical students using a temporary tattoo simulating psoriasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21982056     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis has a profound negative effect on quality of life that is often underappreciated by health care professionals and the public. OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the perception of the burden of psoriasis relative to other medical conditions in first-year medical students, and to determine if wearing a temporary tattoo simulating psoriasis during a teaching exercise would change their perceptions. METHODS: Participants completed a questionnaire assessing their perception of the impact of psoriasis and other common medical conditions (visual analog scale). Participants then wore a temporary tattoo of a psoriatic lesion for 24 hours and completed the same questionnaire after this exercise. RESULTS: Of 91 students approached, 61 completed the study. At baseline, psoriasis (mean = 23.6) and eczema (mean = 23.3) were perceived as having the lowest physical burden of diseases queried (P < .0001), whereas the mental impact of psoriasis was scored comparably with arthritis, heart disease, and diabetes (mean = 45.1-56.7), but lower than cancer (mean = 82.2) and depression (mean = 93.8). After the exercise, the perception of the impact of eczema (physical: mean = 37.3, P < .0001; mental: mean = 66.6, P = .0005) and psoriasis (physical: mean = 37.8, P = .0014; mental: mean = 68.6, P = .0293) was significantly increased. LIMITATIONS: The exercise did not simulate the chronic nature of psoriasis or the scaling and pruritic characteristics of psoriatic lesions. The survey instrument used to assess empathy has not been previously validated and statistical analysis was limited by small sample size and the absence of a control group. CONCLUSIONS: Temporary tattoos are a novel and effective method of teaching medical students about the psychological burden of psoriasis.
Authors:
Lesley Latham; Aimee Macdonald; Alexa B Kimball; Richard G Langley
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-6787     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7907132     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Dermatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Division of Dermatology, Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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