Document Detail


Teaching behavioral medicine using individual coronary heart disease risk factors.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3588567     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Two hundred twenty-one first-year medical students participated in a voluntary coronary heart disease risk factor self-change project designed to teach the principles of behavioral change. Blood pressure, serum lipids, percentage body fat, cardiovascular fitness, and smoking status were measured prior to the project. Students designed their own programs of behavior modification and, after 8 weeks, repeat measurements were obtained in students whose projects related to coronary heart disease risk (56% of entire group). Despite generally low initial coronary heart disease risk factors, most risk factor groups successfully altered the targeted risk factors. The subgroup attempting to lower serum cholesterol (n = 49) reduced total cholesterol 15 +/- 24 mg/dl (mean +/- SD) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol 11 +/- 20 mg/dl (P less than 0.001 for both). The blood pressure group (n = 9) decreased systolic blood pressure 8 +/- 10 mm Hg (P less than 0.05), and the weight-loss group (n = 33) lost 3.0 +/- 2.9 kg (P less than 0.001), reducing estimated percentage body fat 1.7 +/- 1.8 (P less than 0.001). The self-change project was well received by the students and appears to be a useful technique for introducing the principles of behavioral medicine to first-year medical students.
Authors:
D Leyden; E M Cullinane; J Wincze; A Saritelli; P D Thompson
Related Documents :
22664817 - Effects of music on systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate: ...
15628667 - Predictors of cardiovascular risk factors in tehranian adolescents: tehran lipid and gl...
2364997 - The effects of taurine on atherosclerosis development in cholesterol-fed rabbits.
8469917 - Coagulation factors and lipid composition of the blood in treated and untreated hyperte...
7573507 - Endotoxin-induced left ventricular depression is blocked by nitrogen mustard or dimethy...
16779837 - Bubble cpap elicits decreases in exhaled nitric oxide in rabbits.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Preventive medicine     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0091-7435     ISO Abbreviation:  Prev Med     Publication Date:  1987 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-06-26     Completed Date:  1987-06-26     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0322116     Medline TA:  Prev Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  269-73     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Behavior Therapy / education
Behavioral Medicine / education*
Coronary Disease / prevention & control*
Education, Medical, Undergraduate*
Female
Humans
Male
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HL01003/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Prevention of meningitis in a day-care center: management of an outbreak of Haemophilus influenzae t...
Next Document:  Smokeless tobacco use among male adolescents: patterns, correlates, predictors, and the use of other...