Document Detail

Teacher versus peer models revisited: effects on motor performance and self-efficacy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1925046     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
This study reinvestigated and extended the findings of Landers and Landers (1973), which examined the influence of skilled and unskilled teacher and peer models on motor performance. Sixth grade females (N = 100) were randomly assigned to groups in a 2 x 2 (Model Type x Model Skill) factorial design or to a no-model group. In the treatment groups, subjects observed one of four unfamiliar models--(a) a skilled teacher, (b) an unskilled teacher, (c) a skilled peer, or (d) an unskilled peer--perform on the Bachman ladder task. Subjects performed 30 trials of the task and also completed self-efficacy questionnaires on three occasions. Results showed that subjects who watched a skilled model performed better than subjects who watched an unskilled model. Unlike the Landers and Landers study, no model type by model skill interaction was found. In addition, the skilled model group reported higher efficacy beliefs than the control group after performing and were more efficacious than the unskilled model subjects both after watching the model and after performing. These results suggest when students view unfamiliar models, the skill rather than the status of the model may be more salient.
C D Lirgg; D L Feltz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Research quarterly for exercise and sport     Volume:  62     ISSN:  0270-1367     ISO Abbreviation:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Publication Date:  1991 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-10-28     Completed Date:  1991-10-28     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006373     Medline TA:  Res Q Exerc Sport     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  217-24     Citation Subset:  IM    
Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824.
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MeSH Terms
Learning / physiology
Motor Skills / physiology*
Peer Group*
Random Allocation

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