Document Detail

Taxonomy, epidemiology, and clinical relevance of the genus Arcobacter.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21233511     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The genus Arcobacter, defined almost 20 years ago from members of the genus Campylobacter, has become increasingly important because its members are being considered emergent enteropathogens and/or potential zoonotic agents. Over recent years information that is relevant for microbiologists, especially those working in the medical and veterinary fields and in the food safety sector, has accumulated. Recently, the genus has been enlarged with several new species. The complete genomes of Arcobacter butzleri and Arcobacter nitrofigilis are available, with the former revealing diverse pathways characteristic of free-living microbes and virulence genes homologous to those of Campylobacter. The first multilocus sequence typing analysis showed a great diversity of sequence types, with no association with specific hosts or geographical regions. Advances in detection and identification techniques, mostly based on molecular methods, have been made. These microbes have been associated with water outbreaks and with indicators of fecal pollution, with food products and water as the suspected routes of transmission. This review updates this knowledge and provides the most recent data on the taxonomy, species diversity, methods of detection, and identification of these microbes as well as on their virulence potential and implication in human and animal diseases.
Luis Collado; Maria José Figueras
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical microbiology reviews     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1098-6618     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Microbiol. Rev.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-01-14     Completed Date:  2011-04-14     Revised Date:  2013-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807282     Medline TA:  Clin Microbiol Rev     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  174-92     Citation Subset:  IM    
Unit of Microbiology, Department of Basic Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, IISPV, University Rovira i Virgili, Reus, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Arcobacter / classification*,  genetics,  isolation & purification*
Bacterial Typing Techniques
Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology,  microbiology
Food Microbiology
Genetic Variation
Genome, Bacterial
Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections / epidemiology*,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Multilocus Sequence Typing
Water Microbiology
Zoonoses / epidemiology,  microbiology

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