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Taste preferences in association with dietary habits and weight status in European children: results from the IDEFICS study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21844876     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background:Increased preference for fat and sugar may have a role in overweight and obesity development. However, this effect is likely to vary across different food cultures. To date, few studies on this topic have been conducted in children and none have employed an international, multi-centre design.Objective:To document taste preferences for fat and sweet in children from eight European countries and to investigate their association with weight status and dietary habits.Design:A total of 1696 children aged 6-9 years from survey centres in Italy, Estonia, Cyprus, Belgium, Sweden, Germany, Hungary and Spain tasted and subsequently chose between a high- versus a low-fat cracker and a natural versus a sugar-sweetened apple juice. Children's consumption frequency of fatty and sweet foods and demographic variables were obtained from parental-reported questionnaires. Weight and height of the children were measured.Results:Fat and sweet taste preferences varied substantially across survey centres. Independent of survey centre, age, sex, parental education and parental BMI, overweight including obesity was positively associated with fat preference and sweet preference. Fat preference associations were stronger in girls. Girls-but not boys-with a combined preference for fat and sweet had an especially high probability of being overweight or obese. Adjusted models with BMI z-score as the dependent variable were consistent with results of the analyses with BMI categories, but with significant results only for fat preference in girls. Frequent consumption of fatty foods was related to fat preference in bivariate analyses; however, adjusting for survey centre attenuated the association. Sweet preference was not related to consumption of sweet foods, either in crude or in adjusted analyses.Conclusions:Fat and sweet taste preferences are related to weight status in European children across regions with varying food cultures.International Journal of Obesity advance online publication, 16 August 2011; doi:10.1038/ijo.2011.164.
Authors:
A Lanfer; K Knof; G Barba; T Veidebaum; S Papoutsou; S de Henauw; T Soós; L A Moreno; W Ahrens; L Lissner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-8-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of obesity (2005)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5497     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-8-16     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101256108     Medline TA:  Int J Obes (Lond)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Bremen Institute for Prevention Research and Social Medicine, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
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