Document Detail

Targeting the Endocannabinod System to Limit Myocardial and Cerebral Ischemic and Reperfusion Injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21470162     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Coronary and carotid arterial occlusion due to thrombosis after atherosclerotic plaque rupture is the major cause of myocardial and cerebral infarction. Together these acute events represent the leading cause of death worldwide. Early reperfusion is the best method to salvage the ischemic organ; however, it leads to additional damage known as reperfusion injury. A large number of experimental studies has been performed in the past aimed at targeting individual mediators of reperfusion injury such as treatment with anti-oxidants or anti-inflammatory agents. Although many agents proved beneficial in animal models of myocardial or cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, the attempts to translate these protective effects into clinical practice were mostly disappointing. Elucidating the complex cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in ischemic cell death is crucial for the development of more efficient drugs in order to improve current treatment strategies. The aim of this review is to discuss cannabinoid and endocannabinoid-mediated effects in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarction and reperfusion injury, post-myocardial infarction remodeling, as well as ischemic stroke and reperfusion injury. We report experimental evidence suggesting that targeting the endocannabinoid system might evolve as a novel therapeutic concept to limit the devastating consequences of these acute vascular events through a wide variety of mechanisms, including lowering inflammation, oxidative stress, fibrosis, and excitotoxicity, and enhanced blood flow.
Ronald F Tuma; Sabine Steffens
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-4-6
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current pharmaceutical biotechnology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1873-4316     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100960530     Medline TA:  Curr Pharm Biotechnol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital, Foundation for Medical Researches, Avenue Roseraie 64, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.
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