Document Detail

Target heart rates for the development of cardiorespiratory fitness.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8133731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) recommends the use of 40%, 60%, 80%, and 85% of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) as target values in developing exercise prescriptions. Further, the ACSM states that 55%, 70%, 85%, and 90% of maximal heart rate (HRmax) may be used as indices of these respective levels of % VO2max for the general population. The current study evaluated this relationship between %HRmax and %VO2max in apparently healthy, young adults. Eighty-one men and 81 women between the ages of 18 and 34 engaged in an incremental exercise test to exhaustion. Linear regressions of %HRmax and %VO2max were performed on each subject. From these regressions, target values of %HRmax were computed for each individual. Mean percentages of HRmax were 63%, 76%, 89%, and 92% at 40%, 60%, 80%, and 85% of VO2max, respectively. At all of these values of %VO2max, the values obtained for %HRmax were significantly greater (P < 0.001) than those used by the ACSM. Fitness affected these results, particularly among men. High fit men averaged 2% higher in %HRmax than low fit men at any given value of %VO2max.
D P Swain; K S Abernathy; C S Smith; S J Lee; S A Bunn
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  26     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1994 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1994-04-21     Completed Date:  1994-04-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  112-6     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Human Performance Laboratory, Marshall University, Huntington, WV 25755-2450.
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MeSH Terms
Heart Rate / physiology*
Oxygen Consumption / physiology*
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Regression Analysis
Sex Characteristics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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