Document Detail

Tanshinone II-A attenuates cardiac fibrosis and modulates collagen metabolism in rats with renovascular hypertension.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20638255     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The adaptive changes that develop in the pressure-overloaded left ventricular myocardium include cardiac hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the effects of Tanshinone II-A, a bioactive diterpene quinone isolated from Danshen, on cardiac fibrosis and collagen metabolism in rats with renovascular hypertension. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to two-kidney two-clip (2K2C) or sham operation (sham) and treated with Valsartan (Val, 26.7 mg/kg/d), Tanshinone II-A (Tsn, 70, 35 mg/kg/d) or vehicle. Six weeks later, systolic blood pressure (BP), LV weight, collagen abundance, cardiac function parameters, hydroxyproline content and mRNA levels of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2, MMP-9, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase (TIMP)-1 and TIMP-2 were evaluated. Both high-dose (Tsn-H, 70 mg/kg/d) and low-dose (Tsn-L, 35 mg/kg/d) of Tsn failed to attenuate 2K2C-induced BP elevation but significantly attenuated the attendant interstitial fibrosis. Val suppressed elevations of BP and left ventricular systolic pressure (LVSP) in 2K2C rats. Val and Tsn-H exerted comparable suppressive effects on the gene expression of MMP-9 and TIMP-1, while Val decreased the MMP-2 mRNA level without affecting the transcript levels of TIMP-2. Both Val and Tsn-H attenuated cardiac dysfunction, while Tsn-L showed slight improvement. These data demonstrate for the first time, that Tsn prevented cardiac fibrosis and improved cardiac function in a rat model of renovascular hypertensive independent of hypotensive effect. Tsn conferred its beneficial effects on the collagen metabolism probably through its regulation of transcript levels of the MMPs/TIMPs balance.
Jian Fang; Suo-Wen Xu; Ping Wang; Fu-Tian Tang; Si-Gui Zhou; Jie Gao; Jian-Wen Chen; He-Qing Huang; Pei-Qing Liu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-07-16
Journal Detail:
Title:  Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1618-095X     ISO Abbreviation:  Phytomedicine     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9438794     Medline TA:  Phytomedicine     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  58-64     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, PR China.
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