Document Detail

Tamoxifen treatment and gynecologic side effects: a review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11336777     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature on tamoxifen side effects on the female genital tract and psychosexual function in premenopausal and postmenopausal women.
DATA SOURCES: We used the English-language literature in MEDLINE and reference lists from selected articles. Search terms included: "tamoxifen and estrogen receptor," "transcription activation," "premenopause," "postmenopause," "vaginal epithelium," "uterus," "endometrial hyperplasia," "polyps," "endometrial cancer," "sonography," "sonohysterography," "hysteroscopy," "myometrium," "myoma," "sarcoma," "endometriosis," "ovarian cysts," "hot flushes," "concentration problems," "sleep disturbance," "vaginal dryness," "sexual function," "libido," "dyspareunia," and "quality of life." No study-type restrictions were imposed.
METHODS OF STUDY SELECTION: With respect to clinical studies we included case cohort studies, observational studies; if no trials were available on a subject, case reports published in peer-reviewed journals were selected. For the discussion on endometrial surveillance of tamoxifen users, letters and editorials published in peer-reviewed journals also were used. Subjects of interest were mechanism of action of tamoxifen, tamoxifen and the vaginal epithelium, endometrium, mesenchymal tumors of the uterus, ovaries, sexual function, and vasomotor instability.
TABULATION, INTEGRATION, AND RESULTS: Eligible studies were analyzed to determine their usefulness in this review. Data from trials that evaluated tamoxifen side effects on specific genital tissues were combined, with special interest in differentiation of side effects in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Weighted estimates of severity and extent of side effects were usually not possible because of lack of randomized trials. Only the risk of endometrial cancer in relation to tamoxifen treatment could be estimated.
CONCLUSION: The gynecologic side effects of tamoxifen are diverse and reflect the complexity of its mechanism of action, with agonistic and antagonistic effects on various tissues, depending on the ambient estradiol concentration and hence menopausal status of the patient. The most frequently reported side effect was hot flushes, and the most worrisome gynecologic side effect was a two- to three-fold increased risk of endometrial cancer in postmenopausal women. Despite its side effects, the benefits of tamoxifen in controlling breast cancer or prevention of its relapse are still without debate.
M J Mourits; E G De Vries; P H Willemse; K A Ten Hoor; H Hollema; A G Van der Zee
Related Documents :
2578557 - Tamoxifen flare in advanced endometrial carcinoma.
12544497 - Update on clinical role of tamoxifen.
15310397 - Tamoxifen and the rafoxifene analog ly117018: their effects on arachidonic acid release...
17112447 - Adjuvant endocrine therapy in hormone receptor-positive postmenopausal breast cancer: e...
22878837 - A novel concept of identifying precancerous cells to enhance anti-cancer therapies.
24382847 - Estimating the incidence of colorectal cancer in south east asia.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  97     ISSN:  0029-7844     ISO Abbreviation:  Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2001 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-05-04     Completed Date:  2001-05-24     Revised Date:  2014-07-28    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0401101     Medline TA:  Obstet Gynecol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  855-66     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Breast Neoplasms / prevention & control*
Endometrial Neoplasms / chemically induced*
Estrogen Antagonists / adverse effects*
Hot Flashes / diagnosis
Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological / chemically induced
Tamoxifen / adverse effects*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Estrogen Antagonists; 094ZI81Y45/Tamoxifen

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Dinoprostone vaginal insert for cervical ripening and labor induction: a meta-analysis.
Next Document:  The role of MK-801 in sensitization to stimulants.