Document Detail


Is Talent in Autism Spectrum Disorders Associated with a Specific Cognitive and Behavioural Phenotype?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22527706     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Parents of 125 children, adolescents and young adults with autism spectrum disorders completed a newly developed questionnaire aimed at identifying cognitive and behavioural characteristics associated with savant skills in this group. Factors distinguishing skilled individuals were then further investigated in case studies of three individuals with exceptional skills for music, art and mathematics. The findings from the case studies largely confirmed the results from the questionnaire study in showing that special skills are associated with superior working memory and highly focused attention that is not associated with increased obsessesionality. Although intellectual impairment and a local bias have been widely associated with special skills in the savant literature, neither the screening nor case studies provided strong evidence for such associations.
Authors:
Emily Bennett; Pamela Heaton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of autism and developmental disorders     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-3432     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7904301     Medline TA:  J Autism Dev Disord     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Psychology Department, Goldsmiths, University of London, New Cross, London, SE14 6NW, UK, ps702eb@gold.ac.uk.
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