Document Detail


Taiji training improves knee extensor strength and force control in older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12902537     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Taiji training on knee extensor strength and force control in older individuals. Twenty-six healthy older adults (71.9 +/- 1.8 years) participated in the study. Sixteen of the older adults (70.2 +/- 1.8 years) underwent Taiji training for 20 weeks (experimental group), whereas the other 10 (74.6 +/- 1.2 years) served as the control group. For both groups, strength and force control of the knee extensors was assessed twice with an isokinetic dynamometer. Strength was assessed with a maximum voluntary isometric contraction (MVC). Force control was measured as the standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV) of force during a constant isometric knee extension task at 2%, 30%, 60%, and 90% MVC. For the experimental group, MVC significantly increased (19.5 +/- 4.9%) and the CV of force decreased (18.9 +/- 3.3%) following Taiji training. Improvements in the CV of force were primarily due to decreases in the SD of force (R(2) =.86) rather than increases in strength (R(2) =.12). Furthermore, decreases in SD of force were independent of improvements in strength. For the control group, strength, SD, and CV of force were not different for the 2 tests. The overall findings suggest that Taiji training improves knee extensor strength and force control in older adults.
Authors:
Evangelos A Christou; Yang Yang; Karl S Rosengren
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences     Volume:  58     ISSN:  1079-5006     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Gerontol. A Biol. Sci. Med. Sci.     Publication Date:  2003 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-08-06     Completed Date:  2003-09-16     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9502837     Medline TA:  J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  763-6     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA. evangelos.christou@colorado.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged / physiology*
Female
Humans
Isometric Contraction / physiology
Knee / physiology*
Male
Muscles / physiology
Tai Ji*

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