Document Detail

Tai Chi as an adjunct physical activity for adults aged 45 years and older enrolled in phase III cardiac rehabilitation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21095159     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Cardiac rehabilitation improves physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning, yet services are greatly underutilized with increasing patterns of attrition over time. Tai Chi has been suggested as a possible adjunct to cardiac rehabilitation exercise training.
AIM: To describe differences in physical, cognitive and psychosocial functioning among adults ≥ 45 years old attending phase III cardiac rehabilitation, who have or have not self-selected Tai Chi exercise as an adjunct physical activity.
METHODS: A cross-sectional design compared subjects attending group-based Wu style Tai Chi classes plus cardiac rehabilitation, with cardiac rehabilitation only. Subjects had a battery of physical and cognitive functioning tests administered to examine aerobic endurance, balance, strength, and flexibility, verbal retrieval/recall, attention, concentration and tracking. Subjects completed a health survey to ascertain cardiac event information, medical history, and psychosocial functioning (i.e. health-related quality of life, stress, depressive symptoms, social support, and Tai Chi self-efficacy).
RESULTS: A total of 51 subjects (75% married, 84% college-educated, 96% White/European-American) participated. Subjects were on average 70 (± 8) years old and had attended cardiac rehabilitation for 45 (± 37) months. Approximately 45% (n = 23) attended Tai Chi classes plus cardiac rehabilitation, while 55% (n = 28) attended cardiac rehabilitation only. Subjects attending Tai Chi plus cardiac rehabilitation had better balance, perceived physical health, and Tai Chi self-efficacy compared to those attending cardiac rehabilitation only (p ≤ 0.03).
CONCLUSION: Tai Chi can be easily implemented in any community/cardiac rehabilitation facility, and may offer adults additional options after a cardiac event.
Ruth E Taylor-Piliae; Edna Silva; Sharon Peachey Sheremeta
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of cardiovascular nursing : journal of the Working Group on Cardiovascular Nursing of the European Society of Cardiology     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1873-1953     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101128793     Medline TA:  Eur J Cardiovasc Nurs     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  34-43     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
1Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholar, College of Nursing, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.
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