Document Detail

Tachycardia pacing induces myocardial neovascularization and mobilizes circulating endothelial progenitor cells partly via SDF-1 pathway in canines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25491934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Neovascularization plays pivotal role in ischemic heart failure; however, it is unclear in non-ischemic heart failure. Non-ischemic heart failure was induced by chronic rapid right ventricular pacing at 200 beats/min, respectively, for 3 and 6 weeks in 12 dogs. Sham-operation was performed in another 6 dogs as control. Three-week tachycardia pacing could induce mild/moderate heart failure and 6-week pacing could induce severe heart failure. Pan-microvessel density (MVD) was assessed by CD31 and neovascularization density was assessed by CD105. Mean CD31-MVD and CD105-MVD were significantly increased after 3-week pacing. However, CD105-MVD was significantly decreased by 80 % in 6-week pacing group compared with 3-week pacing group, whereas CD31-MVD was only decreased slightly (15 %; P < 0.05). Myocardial proangiogenic factor stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1), hypoxia-inducible factors 1α (HIF-1α, a transcription factor which could regulate SDF-1 expression), serum SDF-1 levels and circulating EPC mobilization were greatly elevated after 3-week pacing but nearly returned to baseline level after 6-week pacing, which were in accordance with the changes of neovascularization levels assessed by CD105. Angiogenesis and migrating ability of EPCs were enhanced after stimulation of SDF-1, which could be abolished by pretreatment with SDF-1 receptor antagonist AMD3100. In addition, angiogenesis and migrating functions of EPCs were significantly enhanced by the serum from 3-week pacing dogs, but had much weaker response to the serum from 6-week pacing dogs. In conclusion, tachycardia pacing-induced non-ischemic heart failure, promoted myocardial neovascularization and mobilized circulating EPCs, which might be mediated partly through SDF-1 pathway.
Jingting Mai; Fei Wang; Qiong Qiu; Buzhou Tang; YongQing Lin; NianSang Luo; WoLiang Yuan; XiaoLong Wang; Qingcai Chen; JingFeng Wang; YangXin Chen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart and vessels     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1615-2573     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart Vessels     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-11    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8511258     Medline TA:  Heart Vessels     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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