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Tachycardia in adults with cystic fibrosis is associated with normal autonomic function.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19712204     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Whether autonomic dysfunction contributes to tachycardia in cystic fibrosis (CF) is unknown. Methods: Heart rate variability (HRV) was assessed to determine high frequency power and the low/high frequency power ratio (HF, LF/HF) as markers of vagal and sympathovagal balance, respectively, under spontaneous and controlled breathing (15 breaths per minute (bpm)) conditions in 17 CF and 17 healthy control subjects. Results: Under spontaneously breathing conditions, the CF group was tachycardic (75.4 ±11.2 vs 60.2 ±9.0 br/min P < 0.001) and tachypnoeic (22.6 ±5.8 vs 13.6 ±4.1 br/min, P= 0.001) compared with controls. No significant difference in HRV was observed between groups during spontaneous or controlled breathing. Coexistent diabetes mellitus and β(2) agonist use were not associated with altered autonomic control. During controlled breathing, the CF group showed a negative correlation between forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV(1) ) % predicted and HF power (P= 0.013, r=-0.59) and a positive correlation between FEV(1) % predicted and LF/HF ratio (P= 0.002, r= 0.69) suggesting an exaggerated normal vagal response. Conclusion: CF patients have normal autonomic function.
Authors:
I Szollosi; S J King; J W Wilson; M T Naughton
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2009-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Internal medicine journal     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1445-5994     ISO Abbreviation:  Intern Med J     Publication Date:  2011 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-06-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101092952     Medline TA:  Intern Med J     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  455-61     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors. Internal Medicine Journal © 2011 Royal Australasian College of Physicians.
Affiliation:
Department of Allergy Immunology and Respiratory Medicine and Nutrition Department, Alfred Hospital, and Department of Medicine and Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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