Document Detail

TXNIP mediates NLRP3 inflammasome activation in cardiac microvascular endothelial cells as a novel mechanism in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25015733     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
NLRP3 inflammasome is necessary for initiating acute sterile inflammation. Recent studies have demonstrated that NLRP3 inflammasome is up-regulated and mediates myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (MI/R) injury. However, the signaling pathways that lead to the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome by MI/R injury have not been fully elucidated. C57BL/6J mice were subjected to 30 min ischemia and 3 or 24 h reperfusion. The ischemic heart exhibited enhanced inflammasome activation as evidenced by increased NLRP3 expression and caspase-1 activity and increased IL-1β and IL-18 production. Intramyocardial NLRP3 siRNA injection or an intraperitoneal injection of BAY 11-7028, an inflammasome inhibitor, attenuated macrophage and neutrophil infiltration and decreased MI/R injury, as measured by cardiomyocyte apoptosis and infarct size. The ischemic heart also exhibited enhanced interaction between Txnip and NLRP3, which has been shown to be a mechanism for activating NLRP3. Intramyocardial Txnip siRNA injection also decreased infarct size and NLRP3 activation. In vitro experiments revealed that NLRP3 was expressed in cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs), but was hardly expressed in cardiomyocytes. Simulated ischemia/reperfusion (SI/R) stimulated NLRP3 inflammasome activation in CMECs, but not in cardiomyocytes. Moreover, CMECs subjected to SI/R injury increased interactions between Txnip and NLRP3. Txnip siRNA diminished NLRP3 inflammasome activation and SI/R-induced injury, as measured by LDH release and caspase-3 activity in CMECs. ROS scavenger dissociated TXNIP from NLRP3 and inhibited the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome in the CMECs. For the first time, we demonstrated that TXNIP-mediated NLRP3 inflammasome activation in CMECs was a novel mechanism of MI/R injury. Interventions that block Txnip/NLRP3 signaling to inhibit the activation of NLRP3 inflammasomes may be novel therapies for mitigating MI/R injury.
Yi Liu; Kun Lian; Lijian Zhang; Rutao Wang; Fu Yi; Chao Gao; Chao Xin; Di Zhu; Yan Li; Wenjun Yan; Lize Xiong; Erhe Gao; Haichang Wang; Ling Tao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-7-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Basic research in cardiology     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1435-1803     ISO Abbreviation:  Basic Res. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2014 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0360342     Medline TA:  Basic Res Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  415     Citation Subset:  -    
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