Document Detail

TRAIL promotes membrane blebbing, detachment and migration of cells displaying a dysfunctional intrinsic pathway of apoptosis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23179179     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Recently, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL/Apo2L) has been shown to be a potential candidate for cancer therapy. TRAIL induces apoptosis in various cancer cells but not in normal tissues. Here we show that HCT116 and SW480 cells with a deficient mitochondrial apoptotic pathway were resistant to TRAIL-induced apoptosis, whereas HCT116 and SW480 cells with a functional mitochondrial apoptotic pathway underwent apoptosis upon exposure to TRAIL. Surprisingly, TRAIL induced phenotypic changes in cells with a dysfunctional mitochondrial apoptotic pathway, including membrane blebbing and a transient loss of adhesion properties to the substratum. Accordingly, TRAIL stimulated the ability of these cells to migrate. This behavior was the consequence of a transient TRAIL-induced ROCK1 cleavage. In addition, we report that Bax-deficient HCT116 cells exposed to TRAIL for a prolonged period lost their sensitivity to TRAIL as a result of downregulation of TRAIL receptor expression, and became resistant to combination of TRAIL and other drugs such as MG-132 and bortezomib. These findings may have important consequences for TRAIL anti-cancer therapy.
Syam Prakash Somasekharan; Michal Koc; Alexandre Morizot; Olivier Micheau; Poul H B Sorensen; Olivier Gaide; Ladislav Andera; Jean-Claude Martinou
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Apoptosis : an international journal on programmed cell death     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-675X     ISO Abbreviation:  Apoptosis     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9712129     Medline TA:  Apoptosis     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Department of Cell Biology, University of Geneva, Sciences III, 30 quai Ernest Ansermet, 1211, Geneva 4, Switzerland.
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