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TNF-α system and lung function impairment in obesity.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21296591     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
A potential interaction between pulmonary function, abnormal adipose tissue activity, and systemic inflammation has been suggested. This study explores the relationship between circulating soluble TNF-α receptors (sTNF-R1 and sTNF-R2) and respiratory function parameters in obese subjects. Thirty-one non-diabetic morbidly obese women with a history of non-smoking and without prior cardiovascular or respiratory disease were prospectively recruited in the outpatient Obesity Unit of a referral center. Pulmonary function test included a forced spirometry, static pulmonary volume measurements, non-attended respiratory polygraphy, and arterial gas blood sampling. Circulating levels of sTNFR-R1, sTNF-R2, interleukine 6 and adiponectin were determined using ELISA. Statistical analysis included a multivariate regression analysis taking into account the potential confounders. sTNF-R1 positively correlated with BMI (r=0.571, p=0.001) and arterial carbon dioxide pressure (PaCO(2), r=0.381, p=0.038), but negatively with forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV(1), r=-0.437, p=0.012), maximum midexpiratory flow (FEF(25-75), r=-0.370, p=0.040) and forced vital capacity (FVC, r=-0.483, p=0.005). However, no correlation between sTNF-R2 and BMI and either pulmonary function tests or arterial blood samples was observed. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that sTNF-R1 independently predicted FEV(1) (beta=-0.437, p=0.012) and FVC (beta=-0.483, p=0.005). Thus, circulating levels of sTNF-R1, but not sTNF-R2, are related to reduced lung volumes and airflow limitation in morbidly obese patients prior to the development of a clinically recognized respiratory disease. Therefore, studies addressed to evaluating the potential beneficial effect of anti-TNF-α agents on pulmonary function tests in obese subjects seem warranted.
Authors:
A Lecube; G Sampol; X Muñoz; R Ferrer; C Hernández; R Simó
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-2-4
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-2-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Endocrinology Department, Diabetes and Metabolism Research Unit, CIBER de Diabetes y Enfermedades Metabólicas Asociadas (CIBERDEM), Instituto de Salud Carlos III (ISCIII), Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron, Institut de Recerca (VHIR), Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Pg Vall d'Hebrón 119-129, 08035 Barcelona, Spain.
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