Document Detail

TLR-4+ peripheral blood monocytes and cardiovascular events in patients with chronic kidney disease--a prospective follow-up study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21239386     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process mediated by circulating immune cells, including monocytes. There is accumulating evidence for the involvement of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) as a mediator of atherogenesis. METHODS: We evaluated the association between CD14+/TLR-4+ monocytes in peripheral blood (flow cytometry) and future cardiovascular events (CVE), e.g. myocardial infarction, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (including stenting), aortocoronary bypass, stroke and angiographically verified stenosis of peripheral arteries and cardiovascular (CV) death, in 191 patients with chronic kidney disease Stage V receiving hemodialysis therapy. RESULTS: At baseline, CD14+/TLR-4+ monocytes correlated significantly with age (r = 0.2; P = 0.007), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (r = 0.2; P = 0.008) and mean arterial pressure (r = -0.2; P = 0.02), but not with gender (P = 0.5), smoking (P = 0.6) and the presence of diabetes (P = 0.5). During a median follow-up period of 36 [1-54] months, 79 (41%) patients experienced a CVE. A total of 55 patients died during the follow-up period, 25 of those due to a confirmed CV cause. Log-rank test did not reveal statistical significance for TLR-4+ monocytes concerning incident CVE (P = 0.3), CV death (P = 0.85) and overall death (P = 0.8). In a multiple Cox-regression analysis, we identified age (P = 0.003) and smoking (P = 0.001) as the only independent variables associated with incident CVE. CONCLUSIONS: Unexpectedly, we could not detect an association between CD14+/TLR-4+ monocytes and incident CVE as well as CV death in stable hemodialysis patients. Further studies have to clarify the potential role of this cell population for CV outcome in this population.
Johan M Lorenzen; Sascha David; Alena Richter; Kirsten de Groot; Jan T Kielstein; Hermann Haller; Thomas Thum; Danilo Fliser
Related Documents :
12639616 - Bone mineral density in systemic lupus erythematosus and its relation to age at disease...
8566466 - Estimating bone change in patients with severe disability.
21166626 - Reduced heart rate variability in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease i...
17641126 - Pediatric pelvic osteomyelitis.
3799146 - The nucleus basalis of meynert in multi-infarct (vascular) dementia.
21216446 - Prevalence of arterial and venous thromboembolic events in diabetic patients with and w...
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-1-14
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1460-2385     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-1-17     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8706402     Medline TA:  Nephrol Dial Transplant     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
1Division of Nephrology, Department of Internal Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hannover, Germany.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Chronic kidney disease is prevalent in Chinese patients admitted with verified cerebrovascular lesio...
Next Document:  The prevalence and meaning of eosinophilia in renal diseases on a nephrology consultation service.