Document Detail

TIMI frame count immediately after primary coronary angioplasty as a predictor of functional recovery in patients with TIMI 3 reperfused acute myocardial infarction.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11527614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether higher coronary blood flow, estimated by the corrected Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) frame count (CTFC), is related to better functional and clinical outcome after successful percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND: Experimental studies have found that functional recovery of the infarcted myocardium was associated with increased blood flow (reactive hyperemia) to the infarcted bed shortly after reperfusion. METHODS: We measured CTFC immediately after successful (TIMI 3) primary PTCA in 104 consecutive patients with their first AMI. Wall motion score index (WMSI) and the presence of pericardial effusion were assessed by two-dimensional echocardiography before and one month after PTCA. RESULTS: The patients were divided into two groups according to mean CTFC for corresponding coronary artery of the control group: TIMI 3 slow group (45 patients, 40 > CTFC > or = 23) and TIMI 3 fast group (59 patients, CTFC < 23). There were no significant differences in the baseline characteristics and WMSI before reperfusion between the two groups. Improvement of WMSI in the TIMI 3 fast group was significantly greater than that of the TIMI 3 slow group (1.33 +/- 0.52 vs. 0.60 +/- 0.34, p < 0.001). Pericardial effusion and intractable heart failure were observed more frequently in the TIMI 3 slow group than in the TIMI 3 fast group (27 vs. 10%; p < 0.05, 36 vs. 17%; p < 0.05). Corrected TIMI frame count, assessed as a continuous variable, had a significant correlation with the change in WMSI (r = 0.60, p < 0.001) after adjusting for age, gender, history of hypertension, history of diabetes, elapsed time to PTCA, collateral grade, presence of antegrade flow before PTCA and number of diseased vessels. CONCLUSIONS: Lower CTFC of the infarct-related artery immediately after PTCA was associated with greater functional recovery; and hence, CTFC can predict clinical and functional outcome in patients with successful PTCA.
S Hamada; T Nishiue; S Nakamura; T Sugiura; H Kamihata; H Miyoshi; Y Imuro; T Iwasaka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American College of Cardiology     Volume:  38     ISSN:  0735-1097     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  2001 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-08-30     Completed Date:  2001-09-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8301365     Medline TA:  J Am Coll Cardiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  666-71     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Cardiovascular Center, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary*
Collateral Circulation
Coronary Circulation*
Hyperemia / etiology
Linear Models
Middle Aged
Myocardial Infarction / physiopathology*,  therapy*

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