Document Detail


TGF-beta and mesenchymal hepatic involvement after visceral leishmaniasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19057926     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The liver involvement in the human visceral leishmaniasis (VL) has been related to parasitism and activated Kupffer cells with further occasional fibrotic alterations, especially after long-term disease without treatment. However, fibrotic alterations have been reported after therapy, whose clinical finding is the persistence of hepatomegaly. Fibrotic involvement of the liver after therapy was never well understood, and the aim of this study was to evaluate this finding through ultrastructural and morphometric analysis. A case-control study was performed with 20 patients (15 cases and five controls). Cases included patients with persistent hepatomegaly (residual) after treatment of VL submitted to liver biopsy to exclude other causes of liver enlargement, including serum tests of viral hepatitis. The material was evaluated by electron microscopy allowing ultrastructural with morphometric analysis of medium portion of hepatic lobule. Narrow sinusoidal lumen and prominent Kupffer cells were found with insignificant alterations of hepatocytes, pit, and endothelial cells. On ultrastructural analysis, the enlargement of the space of Disse was due to fibrous collagen, increase of number of Ito cells, and nonfibrous extracellular matrix that were associated with Kupffer cells enlargement. Immunohistochemistry showed an intense expression of TGF-beta in patients with VL. These findings suggest a production of TGF-beta by Kupffer cells that resulted in the characteristic fibrotic involvement of the liver. Residual hepatomegaly in visceral leishmaniasis could result from sustained Kupffer cell activation with perihepatocytic fibrosis.
Authors:
Maria Irma Seixas Duarte; Heitor Franco de Andrade; Cleusa Fumica Hirata Takamura; Antonio Sesso; Felipe Francisco Tuon
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-12-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Parasitology research     Volume:  104     ISSN:  1432-1955     ISO Abbreviation:  Parasitol. Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-03-19     Completed Date:  2009-07-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8703571     Medline TA:  Parasitol Res     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1129-36     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of the Discipline of Pathology of Transmissible Disease, University of Sao Paulo, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Av. Dr.Arnaldo, 455-Cerqueira César, 01246-903, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Biometry
Biopsy
Case-Control Studies
Child
Child, Preschool
Female
Hepatomegaly / etiology*,  pathology
Humans
Immunohistochemistry
Kupffer Cells / metabolism
Leishmaniasis, Visceral / complications*,  drug therapy,  pathology*
Liver / pathology*
Liver Cirrhosis / pathology*
Male
Microscopy, Electron
Transforming Growth Factor beta / biosynthesis*
Young Adult
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Transforming Growth Factor beta

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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