|TCDD-elicited effects on liver, serum, and adipose lipid composition in C57BL/6 mice.|
|PMID: 22977169 Owner: NLM Status: MEDLINE|
|The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR) mediates alterations in hepatic lipid composition elicited by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD). In order to further investigate the effects of TCDD, liver, serum, and gonadal white adipose tissue (gWAT) fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) and lipids were examined in fasted 4-week-old female mice orally gavaged with 30 µg/kg TCDD at 24, 72, and 168 h postdose. Mean hepatic FAME levels increased (236.7 µmol/g in controls compared with 392.2 µmol/g in TCDD treated) with minimal changes in gWAT and serum. In the liver, TCDD decreased saturated fatty acids (SFAs 16:0, 18:0, 20:0, and 22:0) and increased monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs 16:1n7, 18:1n9, and 20:1n9). Hepatic polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) 20:2n6, 20:3n6, 18:3n3, and 22:5n3 also increased, whereas 20:4n6 and 22:6n3 levels decreased. gWAT PUFAs 20:2n6 and 20:3n6 exhibited modest increases, whereas serum 18:0 decreased and 18:1n9 increased. Serum analyses also identified a ~25% decrease in total cholesterol (CHOL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and high-density lipoprotein following TCDD treatment. The decrease in serum CHOL was consistent with the induction of hepatic reverse CHOL transport genes Lcat (2.0-fold), Apoa1 (1.7-fold), and Ldlr (3.6-fold), and the repression of CHOL biosynthesis genes Hmgcs1 (-2.1-fold) and Hmgcr (-2.3-fold). In addition, TCDD decreased serum Apob100 (4.4-fold) and Apob48 (2.2-fold) protein levels, suggesting serum lipid clearance and decreased hepatic efflux. Collectively, the TCDD-elicited decreases in serum lipid levels are consistent with AhR-mediated enhancement of dietary fat distribution to the liver.|
|Michelle Manente Angrish; Claudia Yvette Dominici; Timothy Richard Zacharewski|
Related Documents :
|1579049 - A "chemical" concept for the therapy of glyoxylate-induced oxalurias (1).
24458359 - Cdc2-like kinase 2 suppresses hepatic fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis through disr...
4956139 - Effect of ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid (dipotassium salt) and heparin on the esti...
8322959 - Large enhancement of canine taste responses to amino acids by salts.
2917349 - Effects of oral administration of sulfolithocholic acid disodium salt and lithocholic a...
3379239 - Amino acid analysis using phenylisothiocyanate prederivatization: elimination of the dr...
1202229 - Symmetries of genetic code-doublets.
22511179 - On the peroxyl scavenging activity of hydroxycinnamic acid derivatives: mechanisms, kin...
12791279 - Chemoenzymatic synthesis of the sialyl-alpha-(2-->3')-lactosamine trisaccharide with a ...
|Type: Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural Date: 2012-09-13|
|Title: Toxicological sciences : an official journal of the Society of Toxicology Volume: 131 ISSN: 1096-0929 ISO Abbreviation: Toxicol. Sci. Publication Date: 2013 Jan|
|Created Date: 2013-01-07 Completed Date: 2013-06-11 Revised Date: 2014-04-03|
Medline Journal Info:
|Nlm Unique ID: 9805461 Medline TA: Toxicol Sci Country: United States|
|Languages: eng Pagination: 108-15 Citation Subset: IM|
|APA/MLA Format Download EndNote Download BibTex|
Adipose Tissue, White
Apolipoproteins B / blood
Body Weight / drug effects
Cholesterol / blood
Dietary Fats / administration & dosage
Fatty Acids / blood*
Fatty Liver / chemically induced, genetics, metabolism
Gene Expression / drug effects
Lipid Metabolism / drug effects
Liver / drug effects*, metabolism, pathology
Mice, Inbred C57BL
Organ Size / drug effects
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon / metabolism*
Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase / genetics
Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin / toxicity*
|P42 ES004911/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS; P42ES04911/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS|
|0/Apolipoproteins B; 0/Dietary Fats; 0/Fatty Acids; 0/Receptors, Aryl Hydrocarbon; 97C5T2UQ7J/Cholesterol; DO80M48B6O/Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin; EC 184.108.40.206/Scd1 protein, mouse; EC 220.127.116.11/Stearoyl-CoA Desaturase|
From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine
Previous Document: CTNNA3 (?-catenin) gene variants are associated with diisocyanate asthma: a replication study in a C...
Next Document: The Development of a Structure-Activity Relationships for Mitochondrial Dysfunction: Uncoupling of O...