Document Detail

The T29C polymorphism of the transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1) gene is associated with genetic susceptibility to acute coronary syndrome in Mexican patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22465044     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Inflammation plays an essential role in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions, and plaque disruption. The TGF-β1 plays an important role in the anti-inflammatory process. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the role of TGF-β1 gene polymorphisms as susceptibility markers for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Two polymorphisms (TGF-β -509T>C and TGF-β T29C) of the TGF-β gene were analyzed by 5' exonuclease TaqMan genotyping assays in a group of 426 patients with coronary acute syndrome and 551 healthy unrelated controls. A significant difference was observed in the distribution of TGF-β T29C polymorphism between ACS patients and healthy controls (P<10(-3)). According to the co-dominant model, individuals with the TGF-β 29 TT genotype have a 2.5-fold increased risk of developing ACS (P<10(-3)). Multiple logistic analysis showed that the largest risk factor for developing ACS was given by smoking habit, diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and the TGF-β1 29 TT genotype. The analysis of linkage disequilibrium showed one haplotype (TT) with increased frequency and one haplotype (CC) with decreased frequency in ACS patients when compared to healthy controls. The results suggest that TGF-β1 T29C gene polymorphism could be involved in the risk of developing ACS in Mexican individuals.
José Manuel Fragoso; Marco Antonio Martínez-Ríos; Edith Alvarez-León; Maite Vallejo; Marco Antonio Peña-Duque; Rosalinda Posadas-Sánchez; Carlos Posadas-Romero; Janette Furuzawa-Carballeda; Guadalupe Lima; Luis Llorente; Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-3-30
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cytokine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1096-0023     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9005353     Medline TA:  Cytokine     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Department of Molecular Biology, Instituto Nacional de Cardiología Ignacio Chávez, Mexico City, Mexico.
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