Document Detail


Systolic blood pressure and mortality among older community-dwelling adults with CKD.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20961677     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is an increasingly common condition, especially in older adults. CKD manifests differently in older versus younger patients, with a risk of death that far outweighs the risk of CKD progressing to the point that dialysis is required. Current CKD guidelines recommend a blood pressure target <130/80 mm Hg for all patients with CKD; however, it is unknown how lower versus higher baseline blood pressures may affect older adults with CKD.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: Older patients (aged ≥ 75 years) with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 mL/min/1.73 m(2)) in a community-based health maintenance organization.
PREDICTOR: Baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) < 130, 130-160 (reference group), and > 160 mm Hg.
OUTCOMES: Participants were followed up for 5 years to examine rates of mortality (primary outcome) and cardiovascular disease hospitalizations (secondary outcome).
RESULTS: At baseline, 3,099 participants (38.5%) had SBP < 130 mm Hg, 3,772 (46.9%) had SBP of 131-160 mm Hg, and 1,171 (14.6%) had SBP >160 mm Hg. A total of 3,734 (46.4%) died and 2,881 (35.8%) were hospitalized. Adjusted HRs for mortality in the groups with SBP < 130 and > 160 mm Hg were 1.22 (95% CI, 1.11-1.34) and 1.06 (95% CI, 0.93-1.22), respectively. Adjusted HRs for cardiovascular hospitalization in these groups were 1.10 (95% CI, 0.99-1.23) and 1.26 (95% CI, 1.09-1.45), respectively.
LIMITATIONS: Although causality should not be inferred from this retrospective analysis, results from this study can generate hypotheses for future randomized controlled trials to investigate the relationship between blood pressure and outcomes in older patients with CKD.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that lower baseline SBP (≤ 130 mm Hg) may predict poorer outcomes in terms of both mortality and cardiovascular hospitalizations in older adults with CKD. Conversely, higher baseline SBP (> 160 mm Hg) may predict increased risk of cardiovascular hospitalizations, but does not predict mortality. Clinical trials are required to test this hypothesis.
Authors:
Jessica W Weiss; Eric S Johnson; Amanda Petrik; David H Smith; Xiuhai Yang; Micah L Thorp
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural     Date:  2010-10-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of kidney diseases : the official journal of the National Kidney Foundation     Volume:  56     ISSN:  1523-6838     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Kidney Dis.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-24     Completed Date:  2010-12-16     Revised Date:  2013-07-03    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8110075     Medline TA:  Am J Kidney Dis     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1062-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2010 National Kidney Foundation, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Oregon Health and Sciences University, Portland, USA. weinstje@ohsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Chronic Disease
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Kidney Diseases / diagnosis,  mortality*,  physiopathology*
Male
Prognosis
Proportional Hazards Models
Residence Characteristics*
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Survival Rate
Systole / physiology
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
T32 HS017582/HS/AHRQ HHS; UL1 RR024140/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR024140/RR/NCRR NIH HHS; UL1 RR024140-01/RR/NCRR NIH HHS
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