Document Detail


Systemic reduction of soluble complement receptor II/CD21 during pregnancy to levels reminiscent of autoimmune disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18500464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Complement receptor type II/CD21 is the functional receptor for complement fragments such as C3d, iC3b and the Epstein Barr Virus. A soluble form of CD21 (sCD21) is shed from lymphocytes surface and is able to bind to its ligands found in the plasma. The amount of sCD21 in serum may modulate immunity as the plasma levels are correlated with autoimmune conditions, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Rheumatoid Arthritis and Sjoegren's Syndrome. Because of the fact that pregnancy may lead to remission of autoimmune diseases we determined the serum levels of sCD21 during pregnancy and postpartum. The serum sCD21 levels during pregnancy are significantly lower as compared to that of the healthy controls. There were no significant differences in sCD21 levels between the mother and the cord blood also immediately after parturition. Restoration of sCD21 levels to normal values takes between 6 weeks and 1 year after childbirth. Our study indicates that CD21-shedding is affected during pregnancy comparable to that of autoimmunity.
Authors:
Madhan Masilamani; Narendiran Rajasekaran; Anjana Singh; Hui-Zhi Low; Kerstin Albus; Swantje Anders; Frank Behne; Peter Eiermann; Katharina König; Clarissa Mindnich; Teodora Ribarska; Harald Illges
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-05-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Rheumatology international     Volume:  28     ISSN:  0172-8172     ISO Abbreviation:  Rheumatol. Int.     Publication Date:  2008 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-08-12     Completed Date:  2009-03-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8206885     Medline TA:  Rheumatol Int     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1137-41     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Division of Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, One Gustave L. Levy Place, New York, NY 10029, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Case-Control Studies
Female
Fetal Blood / chemistry
Humans
Pregnancy / blood*
Receptors, Complement 3d / blood*,  metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Receptors, Complement 3d

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