Document Detail

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) at the Kenyatta National Hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23456415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex disease with varied clinical presentation and autoantibody production. It has previously been reported as rare in Black Africans. We established a Rheumatology clinic at the Kenyatta National Hospital in April 2010, and a 1 year audit of this clinic was carried out in September 2011. This is a report of this audit of patients who met the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE. Thirteen patients met the ACR criteria; their mean age was 34 years, and they were all female. The commonest manifestations were malar rash and arthritis in 69.2 %. Antinuclear antibody was present in 79.6 %, and anti-dsDNA was present in 38.5 %. None of them had human immunodeficiency virus infection; 30 % had other comorbidities (hypertension, diabetes, and renal failure). Thirty percent also had an infection during this period. All these 13 were on prednisolone and 92 % of them were on hydroxychloroquine. There was no reported death during the study period. This confirms the presence of SLE in patients in Kenya who meet the ACR criteria.
Paul Etau Ekwom
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-3-3
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical rheumatology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1434-9949     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin. Rheumatol.     Publication Date:  2013 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-3-4     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8211469     Medline TA:  Clin Rheumatol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Kenyatta National Hospital, P.O Box 20723, 00202, Nairobi, Kenya,
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