Document Detail


Systemic distribution of blood flow during T-2 toxin induced shock in swine.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3758549     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Three groups of swine (6 per group) were used to determine hemodynamic and blood flow alterations induced by T-2 toxin. Two groups were dosed at 0.6 or 2.4 mg/kg T-2 toxin, and one group served as a vehicle control (70% ethanol). Organ blood flow was determined at 0 hr (predosing) and at 90-min intervals for 6 hr postdosing using 15-micron diameter radionuclide labeled microspheres injected into the left atrium. Hemodynamic parameters were obtained at the same time points. The infusion of T-2 toxin resulted in reductions in cardiac output. This trend appeared to reverse itself in the low dose animals after 3 hr, whereas in the high dose group, cardiac output continued to decline. Mean aortic pressure (MAP) declined in a dose dependent fashion which tended to parallel the reduction observed in cardiac output. Heart rate was increased in both groups treated with T-2 toxin. Blood flow, to the brain, heart, and kidneys decreased following exposure to the toxin. The relative percentage of cardiac output received by these organs, however, was maintained despite the drop in blood flow. Pancreatic and splenic blood flows were the most severely compromised as a result of T-2 toxicosis. Consequently, the percentage of cardiac output going to the pancreas and spleen was dramatically reduced. Adrenal, hepatic, and total gastrointestinal blood flows increased or did not change from control values. As a result, the percentage of cardiac output supplying these organs increased.
Authors:
G R Lundeen; R H Poppenga; V R Beasley; W B Buck; W J Tranquilli; R J Lambert
Related Documents :
1898679 - Influence of endothelin on cardiovascular function, oxygen free radicals, and blood che...
11910729 - Cytopathic hypoxia. is oxygen use impaired in sepsis as a result of an acquired intrins...
160609 - Evaluation of the microsphere-method for determination of cardiac output.
8350839 - Measurement of absolute blood iodine concentration during digital subtraction ventricul...
3961199 - Effects of indomethacin on cardiac output distribution in normal and asphyxiated piglets.
7063919 - Hemodynamic improvement after peritoneovenous shunting in nephrogenic ascites.
23306119 - Kinetic modeling of xylan hydrolysis in co- and countercurrent liquid hot water flow-th...
21880049 - Trypanosoma cruzi: seroprevalence detected in the blood bank of the instituto nacional ...
24118419 - Differences in the skin-surface laser-doppler signals between polycystic-ovary-syndrome...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Fundamental and applied toxicology : official journal of the Society of Toxicology     Volume:  7     ISSN:  0272-0590     ISO Abbreviation:  Fundam Appl Toxicol     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-11-10     Completed Date:  1986-11-10     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200838     Medline TA:  Fundam Appl Toxicol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  309-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Blood Pressure / drug effects
Cardiac Output / drug effects
Female
Heart Rate / drug effects
Hemodynamics / drug effects*
Organ Specificity
Regional Blood Flow / drug effects
Sesquiterpenes / toxicity*
Shock, Septic / chemically induced,  physiopathology*
Swine
T-2 Toxin / toxicity*
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sesquiterpenes; 21259-20-1/T-2 Toxin

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Acute toxicity of pesticides in adult and weanling rats.
Next Document:  2,4-Pentanedione: 9-day and 14-week vapor inhalation studies in Fischer-344 rats.