Document Detail


Systemic arterial pressure wave reflections during acute hemorrhage.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16540954     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of hemorrhage on wave-reflection-induced systolic pressure augmentation in the aorta. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled laboratory experiment. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Twenty-five anesthetized pigs randomized to surgical controls (n = 7), hemorrhage (n = 9, H), and hemorrhage with reinfusion (n = 9, HR). INTERVENTIONS: Hemorrhage of 1 mL/kg/min over 20 mins followed by observation (H) or reinfusion (HR) of shed blood. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: High-fidelity systemic arterial pressure waveforms, from ascending aorta to femoral artery, were transduced and archived digitally using intravascular semiconductor catheter-tipped pressure transducers. Wave-reflection-induced systolic pressure augmentation was determined using the augmentation index in the ascending aorta (AIaa) and distal descending aorta (AIda). Pulse wave velocity, wave travel times, and lumped pressure wave reflection sites were also calculated. AI values were positive at baseline with greater decreases in AIda compared with AIaa observed following hemorrhage, with negative values achieved for AIda alone. AI returned to control values following reinfusion. Lumped reflection site positions and pressure contour maps suggested that a single lumped reflection site (lower abdomen/pelvis) at baseline was replaced by two discrete sites (upper abdomen and pelvis) following hemorrhage, which only recovered following reinfusion. Hemorrhage was associated with hemodynamic conditions that favored late return of wave reflection from the trunk and with the absence of significant changes in systemic vascular resistance. CONCLUSIONS: Hemorrhage-induced early return of pressure wave reflection from the abdominal vasculature is associated with systolic pressure augmentation in the ascending aorta and has the potential to worsen afterload conditions and decrease coronary artery perfusion and cardiac performance. Hemorrhage-induced splanchnic vasoconstriction causing pressure wave reflection may explain these loading conditions in the ascending aorta, and systolic pressure augmentation may be a more useful guide to left ventricular afterload than systemic vascular resistance.
Authors:
Paul Dark; Rod Little; Mahesh Nirmalan; Jon Purdy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Evaluation Studies; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Critical care medicine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  0090-3493     ISO Abbreviation:  Crit. Care Med.     Publication Date:  2006 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-04-24     Completed Date:  2006-05-17     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0355501     Medline TA:  Crit Care Med     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1497-505     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Aorta / physiopathology
Blood Pressure / physiology*
Female
Hemodynamics / physiology
Hemorrhage / physiopathology*,  surgery
Linear Models
Models, Cardiovascular
Pulsatile Flow / physiology*
Random Allocation
Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
Splanchnic Circulation
Swine
Systole
Vascular Resistance
Ventricular Function, Left
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Crit Care Med. 2006 May;34(5):1569-70   [PMID:  16633266 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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