Document Detail


Systematically increasing contextual interference is beneficial for learning sport skills.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20845219     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
To better understand the contextual interference effect, in two experiments we investigated a form of practice schedule that provided novices with systematic increases in contextual interference. This new type of practice schedule was compared with traditional blocked and random scheduling for two types of sports skills. In Experiment 1, we tested the hypothesis that practising variations of the same task with systematic increases in contextual interference would lead to superior performance compared with blocked or random scheduling. Participants practised golf putting tasks following a blocked, random or increasing schedule, which involved initial blocked trials, followed by serial practice trials, and ended with random scheduling. Participants who followed the increasing schedule had superior retention test performance. In Experiment 2, we tested if these learning benefits were observed when learning tasks controlled by different generalized motor programs. Participants practised three different basketball passes (chest, overhead, single arm) in a blocked, random or increasing schedule. Participants practising with gradual increases in contextual interference performed better on retention and transfer tests than participants practising with blocked or random scheduling. The results of these two expe
Authors:
Jared M Porter; Richard A Magill
Related Documents :
20636719 - Effect of strengthening exercise in addition to task-specific gait training after strok...
2437709 - Neurochemical specificity of learning: dopamine and motor learning.
8736569 - Movement-related potentials associated with motor inhibition under different preparator...
18505329 - Effects of practice on variability, effects of variability on transfer.
25324759 - Fronto-parietal network oscillations reveal relationship between working memory capacit...
25275319 - Memory maintenance in synapses with calcium-based plasticity in the presence of backgro...
23650629 - Context homogeneity facilitates both distractor inhibition and target enhancement.
10682299 - Functional characteristics of auditory temporal-spatial short-term memory: evidence fro...
8938259 - Memory functions in human subjects with different apolipoprotein e phenotypes during a ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of sports sciences     Volume:  28     ISSN:  1466-447X     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sports Sci     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-04-15     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8405364     Medline TA:  J Sports Sci     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1277-85     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Kinesiology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois 62901, USA. jporter@siu.edu
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  Post-prandial capillary triacylglycerol responses to moderate exercise in centrally obese middle-ag...
Next Document:  A cross-sectional examination of the physical fitness and selected health attributes of recreational...